“Die Operation der atrophischen und hypertrophischen Hängenbrust” [The operation for atrophic and hypertrophic breasts].
Hans Kraske was an early 20th-century German surgeon. His father was also a surgeon and held the Freiburg chair in surgery in the late 19th century. The younger Kraske spent many years studying both anatomy and plastic surgery. He learned under the pioneering plastic surgeon Erich Lexer. In addition to plastic surgery, Kraske was known for his orthopedic work. In this article, Kraske discusses his technique for breast reduction, the procedure to surgically reduce a large breast while also maintaining the form and function of the female breast. The areola was not touched, and the breast was sutured to the pectoralis chest muscle fascia to prevent post-operative ptosis (drooping). Up until that time, there were no safe, long-lasting procedures for breast reduction.
Muenchener medizinische Wochenschrift, vol. 70, no. 21