Crisis Publishing Company, Inc.
Volume 44, number 11, whole number 232
A. Phillip Randolph was the most politically effective African American in America in the twentieth century. He began as editor of The Messenger, begun in November 1917 as Hotel Messenger, which billed itself as “the only radical Negro Magazine in America,” providing unflinching support of socialism and the “New Negro” brand of radical journalism. In 1925, he organized the first predominantly African-American labor union, The Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters.