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Grolier Club Exhibitions

18th Century Foundations of 19th Century English Satire

The Analysis of Beauty written with the View of Fixing the Fluctuating Ideas Of Taste, By William Hogarth; with Rules for Drawing Caricaturas: with an Essay on Comic Painting. By Francis Grose, Esq. F.R.S. and A.S., London: Printed for Samuel Bagster, in the Strand. [1791?].

The first edition of Analysis of Beauty was published 1753; the first edition of Rules for Drawing Caricaturas was published in 1788. Hogarth (1697-1764), the father of English caricature, made fun of the dealers and critics of the day who hawked works brought back from the Continent while demeaning the work of living British artists. Grose (1731?-1791) was an English antiquarian, artist, and army captain.

“Monr. Le Médecin.”<br />
24 Caricatures by Several Ladies. Gentlemen. Artists, &c., Pubd. by MDarly, Volume I, Plate 2

24 Caricatures by Several Ladies, Gentlemen, Artists, & c. Pubd. by MDarly, Engraver, No 39 Strand according to Act Novr 1 1771. Vol. II of Caricatures. Macaronies & Characters by Sundry Ladies. Gentle, Artist, & c., Pub.d by MDarly. No. 39 Strand, 1772.

The first two of six volumes of caricatures published 1771-1773 by Mary Darly, an artist, engraver, and print-seller, one of the first professional caricaturists in England.

In mid-18th century England, a macaroni was the moniker for a young man who had been to Italy on the Grand Tour and returned to London dressed in high fashion. Darly and her husband Matthew owned a print shop in the fashionable West End known as the Macaroni Print-Shop.

Vol. I, Plate 2, “Monr. Le Médecin.”

The Portable Lavater, or details of the art of knowing [sic] men by facial features, with thirty-three colored plates. Third Edition. Paris: Chez Madame Veuve Hocquart Libraire, Rue de l'Eperon, No. 6. 1809.

Johann Caspar Lavater (1741-1801) was born and lived in Zurich. His multi-volume work on physiognomy, published in German in 1775–1778, was the foundation for much of the 19th-century British and French caricaturists' interest in physiognomy.

Principes de Caricatures, suivis d’un Essai sur la Peinture Comique. par François Grose, Membre de la Société des Antiquités de Londrès. Traduit en français, avec des augmentations. À Paris, chez Antoine-Augustin Renouard. ANX – 1802. Engraved frontispiece and 28 engraved black and white plates numbered I–XXVIII. The last six are each on a large folding paper containing a long line of small, amusing figures, each signed by “Woodward inv” [George M. Woodward].

This book was first published in English in 1788; a second edition was published in French in Leipzig in 1800 with many more plates than in the original English edition, all of which are included in this edition. Francis Grose (1731?–1791) was an English antiquarian, artist, lexicographer, and army captain.

Principes de Caricatures, suivis d’un Essai sur la Peinture Comique. par François Grose, Membre de la Société des Antiquités de Londrès. Traduit en français, avec des augmentations. À Paris, chez Antoine-Augustin Renouard. ANX – 1802. Engraved frontispiece and 28 engraved black and white plates numbered I–XXVIII. The last six are each on a large folding paper containing a long line of small, amusing figures, each signed by “Woodward inv” [George M. Woodward].

This book was first published in English in 1788; a second edition was published in French in Leipzig in 1800 with many more plates than in the original English edition, all of which are included in this edition. Francis Grose (1731?–1791) was an English antiquarian, artist, lexicographer, and army captain.

Plate XXIII
Plate XXIII “Explications”. The legends are long, involved and not very funny.
18th Century Foundations of 19th Century English Satire