William S. Cardell
Philosophic Grammar of the English Language.
Having lost his father at sea before age one, Cardell (1780–1828) became a novelist specializing in sea stories for boys. In 1820, he founded the American Academy of Language and Belles Lettres, with John Quincy Adams as president and Justice Joseph Story as vice-president. Cardell was secretary. It collapsed after withering criticism in the North American Review. As for grammar, the “false principles” of his predecessors, in Cardell’s view, were “not dissimilar to those of Ptolemian astronomy.”