English Grammar: Adapted to the Different Classes of Learners.
Daughter of the scientist John Arden, Gardiner (1758–1840) grew up with Mary Wollstonecraft, a founding feminist philosopher. As teenagers, the girls had a tempestuous friendship, as their surviving letters show. Gardiner became the headmistress of schools in Yorkshire and Lincolnshire. She modeled her English grammar on French instead of Latin because all girls’ schools taught French. Copies of her books were used as student prizes. This one, as noted probably in Gardiner’s own hand, was a prize for improved reading.