The Colonizationist and Journal of Freedom
George W. Light
Volume 1, number 1
While there was the lukewarm support in the North for the gradual elimination of slavery, sentiment for a complete separation of the races was far more vigorous. In 1816, New Jerseyan Robert Finley founded the American Colonization Society, to promote the return of free Americans “of color” to Africa. In 1821, it assisted in establishing Liberia, a colonial settlement in West Africa, supported by an uneasy coalition of religious missionaries, Quakers, and slave-holding Southerners.